Your guide to old coins



All coins » Bohemian coins

Bohemian coins


The only type of coin in the entire thousand years of Czech minting that has a Czech inscription in its legend is the small gros, minted from 1576/78, when it was introduced as half of the white gros, the three-krejcar. The small penny has on the reverse the crowned initial of the king's name between various ornaments and below it a three-line inscription. Some pieces are great rarities, such as the specimen from the time of Rudolph II, minted in Prague in 1578 under mint master Tobiáš Gebhart, engraved by iron cutter Michal Stolz. It has a crowned R between the rays and a three-line inscription

. MALEY • • GROSS | . 15 78 ►

The entire field is framed by a smooth and jagged circle.



The image of the Czech lion remained on a larger type of small Czech coin, the so-called money, since 1383, when they were minted, for almost a hundred years. During that time, he experienced several changes in his plastic presentation. However, it was always a one-sided coin, designed for the most common exchange of the largest number of people. It reached its neatest appearance during the reign of George of Poděbrady, probably with his major coinage reform of 1469. In a circle of pearls, a sharply stylized Czech lion walking to the right is tastefully spread over the entire surface of the tiny coin.

silver. 14x15 mm 0.34 g NATIONAL MUSEUM COLLECTION.



The resistance of the estates of the Czech lands against the Habsburgs was also manifested in the coinage by a penetrating change, which, codified by the Mint Order of June 28, 1619, introduced a new currency in our country, the krejcar, while still maintaining the tolar as a popular currency of high value. Even the new rulers of individual countries used representative images for their coins. The Czech estates stamped the image of a crown on the obverse, and the Czech lion on the reverse, by the engraver of stamps at the Prague Mint, Jan Konrád Greuter. On the obverse of the Prague twenty-four rej tsar by mintmaster Benedikt Hůbmer, above the year 1619, the image of a crown is enclosed in a rope-like inner circle.

Descriptions: In an oval, the mint mark MONETA REGNI BOHEMIAE

The outer ring is cord-shaped.


Czech lion presented by Jan Konrád Greuter, engraver of the Prague Mint, enclosed in a pearl circle. It's a neat coin image with no great claims to originality. A numismatically important detail is the fact that the lion has no teeth.

Instead of the usual royal title, the drafters used the stamp of estate coins with the symbolic motto "In God is strength", which was a popular motto in evangelical circles.

Descriptions -IN DEO FOR (value designation) TITVDO

The outer ring is cord-shaped.



The coinage and monetary reforms of Maria Theresa's time brought profound changes to the entire system several times. In 1760, with the introduction of credit money, small copper coins, the long-term discrepancy between high production costs and the low solvency of small coins at all was resolved. In 1762, the era of minted money as the only medium of exchange ended with the issuance of paper banknotes. Considerable attention was also deliberately paid to the type of copper small coins out of concern that the ugliness of the new metal money would not have an unfavorable effect on the broad classes.

On the face of the copper grešle, three oval shields with the emblems of the three countries of the Czech crown are joined in the entire field by a crown and late baroque ornaments: Guild, Moravia and Silesia. The whole is a fine sculpture, dictated by completely Viennese taste. J

The outer circle is made of pearls.